Sub-zero temperatures increased hay demand and sales activity in much of the North during the first days of 2010, though snowy roads interfered with shipping in some areas. Prices were mostly firm.

These prices were gathered by USDA in early January. Figures followed by (D) are delivered prices. All others are at the farm.

Cube and pellet prices are for bulk sales.

For weekly updated hay prices, go to “USDA Hay Prices” at hayandforage.com

Horse-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $140 (D)
California (central) 155 (D)
Idaho 95-115
Kansas 190-250
Oregon 120-145
Utah 85-100
Washington (Columbia Basin) 115-160
Wyoming (eastern) 120-135
Premium-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $170 (D)
California (central) 160-163 (D)
California (southern) 110-120
Colorado (northeastern, large squares) 110-130 (D)
Colorado (southwestern, large squares) 115-120
Idaho 105
Iowa (Maurice) 110-135
Iowa (central, small squares) 200-225
Kansas (southwestern) 115-135
Kansas (northeastern) 120-130
Minnesota (southwestern) 120-130
Minnesota (Sauk Centre) 150-170
Missouri 140-175
Montana (small squares) 190-200
Nebraska (Platte Valley) 120-150
Nevada (western) 130
Oklahoma (small squares) 190-210
Oklahoma (large squares) 130-140
Oregon (Lake County) 130
Oregon (Klamath Basin) 120
Pennsylvania (Lancaster) 201-210
South Dakota (east river) 135
South Dakota (western) 100-110
Texas (panhandle, small squares) 200-240 (D)
Texas (panhandle, large squares) 130-160 (D)
Texas (eastern, large squares) 160-170 (D)
Utah 80-100
Virginia 170
Wyoming 90-120
Good-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $130 (D)
California (southern) 95-100
Colorado (northeastern, large squares) 90-110 (D)
Colorado (southwestern, large squares) 110-115
Idaho 100
Kansas (southwestern) 100-115
Minnesota (Sauk Centre) 125-158
Missouri 90-150
Montana 50-80
Nebraska (Platte Valley, round bales) 80-95
Nevada (eastern) 105
Oklahoma (small squares) 150-170
Oklahoma (large squares) 110-120
Pennsylvania (Lancaster) 140-177
South Dakota (western) 70-85
Texas (panhandle, large squares) 120-135 (D)
Texas (eastern, large squares) 120-140 (D)
Utah 60-75
Washington (Columbia Basin) 105-120
Wyoming (eastern) 70-96
Wyoming (western) 75-90
Fair-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $120-132 (D)
California (southern) 70-80
Colorado (southwestern, large squares) 95-110
Idaho 65
Nevada (western) 70-80
Nevada (eastern) 90
Oklahoma (large squares) 90-100
Oregon (Klamath Basin) 85
Pennsylvania (Lancaster) 100-150
Pennsylvania (Belleville) 117-130
South Dakota (east river) 75-90
South Dakota (western) 70
Texas (panhandle, large squares) 90-120 (D)
Texas (eastern, large squares) 100-120 D)
Utah 40-50
Washington (Columbia Basin) 90
Wyoming 60-80
Bromegrass hay: Price/ton
Kansas $80-110
Bermudagrass hay: Price/ton
California (southern) $115-135
Texas (good large rounds) 50-60
Oat hay: Price/ton
Colorado (southwestern) $125
Kansas 60
Oregon (good) 75
Wyoming 50-80
Prairie hay: Price/ton
Missouri (premium small squares) $80-125
Texas (panhandle, large squares) 130-140
Timothy hay: Price/ton
California (central) $390 (D)
Montana (premium small squares) 180
Nevada (premium small squares) 290
Straw: Price/ton
Kansas $45-60
Washington (Columbia Basin) 30
Wyoming 50
17% Dehy alfalfa pellets: Price/ton
Kansas $205
Nebraska 175-185
Wyoming 168 (D)
15% Suncured alfalfa pellets: Price/ton
Kansas $143-160
South Dakota 145
Alfalfa cubes: Price/ton
Utah (export) $90-110
Wyoming 125