Dairy producers looking to buy high-quality but reasonably priced hay may not find it this year. Prices are running above year-ago levels throughout most of the U.S.

Prices are especially high in the West, where production has been hurt by drought and other factors. They're running up to 40% above year-ago levels in that heavy hay-growing region, and with the winter feeding period still ahead, further price increases can be expected.

These prices were gathered from USDA in early September. Figures followed by (D) represent delivered prices. All others are at the farm. Cube and pellet prices are bulk unless otherwise indicated.


Horse-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
Nebraska (western) $100
Utah 90-130
Wyoming 90-120
Premium-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $140-170 (D)
California (central) 147-170 (D)
Colorado (northeastern) 90-100
Colorado (southwestern) 100-105
Idaho 120-135
Illinois 110-130
Iowa 80-115
Oklahoma 100-120
Kansas (southwestern) 110-125
Kansas (north central) 90-105
Missouri 100-130
Montana 85-90
Nebraska 90-115
Nevada 125-130
New Mexico 120-145
Oregon (central) 125
Oregon (eastern) 110-120
South Dakota (east river) 75-80
South Dakota (western) 100
Texas (panhandle) 120-150 (D)
Texas (eastern) 120-140 (D)
Utah 95-105
Washington (Columbia Basin) 125-130
Wisconsin 105
Wyoming 90-100
Good-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $130-140 (D)
California (central) 135-141 (D)
Colorado (northeastern) 80-85
Colorado (southwestern) 90
Idaho 100-120
Illinois 110-120
Iowa 70-100
Kansas (southwestern) 90-100
Kansas (north central) 80-85
Minnesota (southwestern) 73-85
Montana 80-125
Nebraska 80-110
Nevada 110-120
New Mexico 110-130
Oklahoma 95-110
Oregon (eastern) 100-105
South Dakota (east river) 55-65
South Dakota (western) 70-90
Texas (panhandle) 100-125 (D)
Texas (eastern) 100-120
Utah 70-90
Virginia 68
Washington (Columbia Basin) 110-115
Wisconsin 75-90
Wyoming 75-100
Fair-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $120-133 (D)
California (central) 125-135 (D)
California (southern) 80-105
Colorado (northeastern) 65-70
Idaho 90-95
Iowa 50-75
Nebraska 60-80
Nevada 90-100
New Mexico 90-110
Oklahoma 40-60
Oregon (eastern) 90-100
Utah 50-65
Virginia 50
Washington (Columbia Basin) 90-100
Wisconsin 40-53
Timothy hay: Price/ton
California $150
Montana 125-135
Sudangrass hay Price/ton
California $90-130
Kansas 45-60
Straw: Price/ton
Idaho $35-50
Illinois 65-85
Iowa 75-90
Kansas 60
Montana 40
Nebraska 45-50 (D)
Washington 45-50
Wisconsin 30-50
17% Dehy alfalfa pellets: Price/ton
Kansas $135-142
Nebraska 130-137
Wyoming 132
15% Suncured alfalfa pellets: Price/ton
Kansas $130
Texas 145
Alfalfa cubes: Price/ton
Utah (50-lb bags) $120-140
Wyoming 100-110