Alfalfa hay prices bucked the normal trend this year, weakening during the heavy winter feeding period. In some states, prices for top-end hay are at 12-month lows as the 2008-09 hay marketing year nears its end.

These prices were gathered by USDA in early April. Figures followed by (D) are delivered prices. All others are at the farm. Cube and pellet prices are for bulk sales.

For weekly updated hay prices, go to “USDA Hay Prices” at hayandforage.com

Horse-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (central) $200-205 (D)
California (southern) 185-250
Colorado (northeastern) 250-275
Idaho 130
Kansas (southwestern) 210-250
Kansas (southeastern) 180-200
Nevada 125-135
Oregon (Crook County) 215
Oregon (Klamath Basin) 180
Utah 130-180
Washington (Columbia Basin) 220-225
Wyoming 145-175
Premium-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $150-165 (D)
California (southern) 110-125
Colorado (southwestern) 180-190
Colorado (northeastern) 150 (D)
Idaho 115
Iowa (Maurice) 100-120
Kansas (southwestern) 170-185
Kansas (northeastern) 160-180
Minnesota (Sauk Centre) 160-170
Montana 120-130
Nebraska (northeastern) 180-200
Nebraska (western) 130-145
Nevada 130
Oklahoma 165-195
Oregon (Klamath Basin) 150
South Dakota (east river) 175-180
South Dakota (western) 85-120
Texas 200-220 (D)
Utah (northern) 100-120
Utah 115-130
Wyoming 140-150
Good-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $135-145
California (central) 140-150
California (southern) 100
Colorado (northeastern) 125-135 (D)
Colorado (southwestern) 170-185
Iowa (Rock Valley) 80-93
Kansas (southwestern) 150-175
Kansas (southeastern) 130-150
Minnesota (southwestern) 75
Minnesota (Sauk Centre) 110-140
Montana 110-120
Nebraska (western) 110-130
Nevada 115
Oklahoma 130-160
Oregon (Lake County) 140-160
South Dakota (east river) 170
South Dakota (western) 70-90
Texas 150-180 (D)
Utah 100-115
Wyoming 120-140
Fair-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $135-145
California (central) 125-140
California (southern) 70-100
Colorado (northeastern) 100-110 (D)
Colorado (southwestern) 140-150
Idaho 100
Iowa (Rock Valley) 73
Kansas (southwestern) 120-140
Kansas (southeastern) 115-130
Minnesota (southwestern) 70
Montana 100-110
Nebraska (western) 95-110
Nevada 100
Oklahoma 100-125
South Dakota (western) 50-70
Texas 140-150
Washington (Columbia Basin) 100
Wyoming 98-110

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Bromegrass hay: Price/ton
Kansas $80-110
Missouri (good to premium) 90-150
Oat hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $120
California (southern) 100
Colorado (northeastern) 115-125
Nevada (fair) 80-90
Oregon 110
South Dakota (western) 75
Wyoming 70-90
Orchardgrass hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $160
Nevada (premium) 180
Oregon (Crook County) 180-210
Oregon (Lake County) 170
Straw: Price/ton
Colorado (northeastern) $70
Kansas 50-55
Minnesota (Sauk Centre) 20-29
Montana 35-40
Nebraska (western) 50-55
17% Dehy alfalfa pellets: Price/ton
Kansas $225
Nebraska 205-210
Wyoming 168 (D)
15% Suncured alfalfa pellets: Price/ton
South Dakota $160
Alfalfa cubes: Price/ton
Utah (export) $150-160
Wyoming 135-140