As the 2009-10 hay marketing year wound down last month, sales activity was light to moderate in most states. Demand for high-quality alfalfa outstripped the supply in many areas, but prices held mostly steady.

These prices were gathered by USDA in April. Figures followed by (D) are delivered prices. All others are at the farm. Cube and pellet prices are for bulk sales.

Horse-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (central) $175 (D)
Idaho (good) 85
Kansas (small squares) 190-250
Nevada 120
Oregon (Crook County) 135-140
Utah 90-100
Washington (Columbia Basin) 135-160
Wyoming (small squares) 120-135



Premium-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $185 (D)
California (central) 130-142
California (southern) 120
Colorado (large squares) 120-135
Colorado (small squares) 155-180
Idaho 95
Kansas (southwestern) 115-135
Kansas (northeastern) 120-130
Minnesota (Sauk Centre) 155-170
Missouri 140-175
Montana (large squares) 80-95
Montana (small squares) 190-200
Nebraska (northeastern) 120-150
Nebraska (western) 90-125
Nevada (northern) 130
Nevada (western) 125
Oklahoma (large squares) 130-140
Oklahoma (small squares) 190-210
Oregon (Lake County) 130
Pennsylvania (Lancaster) 205-240
South Dakota (east river) 135-150
South Dakota (western) 85-110
Texas (panhandle, small squares) 200-240 (D)
Texas (panhandle, large squares) 155-170 (D)
Texas (eastern, small squares) 235-300 (D)
Utah 75-90
Wyoming 90-120



Good-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $160-165 (D)
California (central) 123-125
California (southern) 110-115
Colorado (large squares) 120-135
Idaho 100
Iowa (Maurice) 108-110
Kansas (southwestern) 100-120
Kansas (northeastern) 90-110
Minnesota (Sauk Centre) 150-170
Missouri (round bales) 75-140
Montana (large squares) 75-85
Nebraska (Platte Valley, round bales) 80-95
Nebraska (western) 75-90
Nevada (northern) 100
Oklahoma (large squares) 110-120
Oregon (eastern) 90
Oregon (Klamath Basin) 110
Pennsylvania (Lancaster) 140-197
Pennsylvania (Dieffenbach) 175-190
South Dakota (east river, round bales) 95
South Dakota (western) 65-85
Texas (panhandle) 130-140 (D)
Utah 50-75
Washington (Columbia Basin) 120
Wyoming 70-90



Fair-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $75-100
California (central) 115
California (southern) 95
Colorado (large squares) 90-110
Idaho 60-75
Kansas (northeastern) 60-85
Kansas (southwestern) 95-105
Montana (large squares) 55-75
Nevada (northern) 75-80
Nebraska (western) 60-75
Oklahoma (large squares) 90-100
Oregon 75-80
Pennsylvania (Lancaster) 75-130
South Dakota (western) 45-65
Texas (panhandle) 100-130 (D)
Utah 40-55
Wyoming 55-80



Bermudagrass hay: Price/ton
Kansas (good large squares) $125-150
Texas (good round bales) 50-60



Bromegrass hay: Price/ton
Kansas (good) $80-110
Missouri (good to premium) 90-150



Teff hay: Price/ton
Kansas (good small squares) $180



Straw: Price/ton
Iowa (Maurice) $55
Kansas (northeastern) 45-60
Nebraska 50
South Dakota 40
Wyoming 50



17% Dehy alfalfa pellets: Price/ton
Kansas $200-205
Nebraska 175-185
Wyoming 168 (D)



15% Suncured alfalfa pellets: Price/ton
Kansas $138-155
South Dakota 135



Alfalfa cubes: Price/ton
Utah (export) $90-110
Wyoming 120-125