Dairy producers who need hay may want to look in the Upper Midwest. The lowest prices in USDA's reporting network are in some of those states. At Iowa auctions, for example, premium-quality alfalfa is still selling for less than $150/ton.

These prices were gathered by USDA in early September. Figures followed by (D) are delivered prices. All others are at the farm. Cube and pellet prices are for bulk sales.

For weekly updated hay prices, go to “USDA Hay Prices” at HayandForage.com

Horse-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $280 (D)
California (central) 210-215
Kansas 180-210
Montana 200-205
Nevada 205-210
Oregon (eastern) 200-240
Oregon (Harney County) 185
Utah 180-225
Washington (Columbia Basin) 260-270
Premium-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $250-270 (D)
California (central) 250-260 (D)
California (southern) 240-245
Colorado (southwestern) 180-255
Colorado (northeastern) 160-225
Idaho 210-230
Iowa (Maurice) 128
Iowa (Rock Valley) 128-135
Kansas (southwestern) 170-185
Kansas (northeastern) 140-170
Missouri 150-175
Montana 160-175
Nebraska (northeastern) 180-200
Nebraska (western) 135-145
Nevada 200-230
New Mexico (southeastern) 200-240 (D)
New Mexico (southern) 190-210 (D)
Oklahoma 165-195
Oregon (eastern) 210
South Dakota (east river) 170-190
South Dakota (western) 85-120
Texas 200-270 (D)
Utah 150-180
Washington (Columbia Basin) 240-250
Wyoming 150
Good-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $235-250 (D)
California (central) 230-260 (D)
Colorado (northeastern) 150-200
Colorado (southwestern) 185
Iowa (central) 140-160
Iowa (Rock Valley) 90-110
Kansas (southwestern) 150-175
Kansas (southeastern) 130-150
Missouri 100-160
Montana 100-130
Nebraska (western) 110-130
New Mexico (southwestern) 170-190 (D)
Oklahoma 130-160
Oregon (eastern) 195
Oregon (Harney County) 180-195
South Dakota (east river) 135-160
Texas (panhandle) 175-230 (D)
Texas (eastern) 180-200 (D)
Utah 130-150
Washington (Columbia Basin) 220
Wyoming 120-140
Fair-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $210-235 (D)
California (central) 218-235 (D)
California (southern) 245 (D)
Colorado (northeastern) 120-150
Colorado (southwestern) 170-175
Idaho 180-200
Kansas (northeastern) 70-80
Nebraska (western) 95-110
New Mexico (southeastern) 145-165 (D)
New Mexico (southern) 110-135 (D)
Oklahoma 105-125
Oregon (eastern) 175
Washington (Columbia Basin) 200-210
Wyoming 98
Bromegrass hay: Price/ton
Kansas $85-110
Missouri (good to premium) 90-150
Oat hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $150
Colorado (northeastern) 115-125
Nevada 180
Oregon 150-160
South Dakota (western) 75
Teff hay: Price/ton
California (southern) $240
Nevada 220
Oregon 235
Straw: Price/ton
California (southern) $70
Colorado 70
Iowa (Rock Valley) 80-85
Kansas 50-60
Nebraska (western) 50-55
South Dakota 50-65
17% Dehy alfalfa pellets: Price/ton
Kansas $235
Nebraska 215-220
Wyoming 179 (D)
15% Suncured alfalfa pellets: Price/ton
Kansas $175-195
South Dakota 175
Alfalfa cubes: Price/ton
Utah (export) $190-225
Wyoming 130-165