Hay prices are lowest in western South Dakota, where premium-quality alfalfa is still available for less than $150/ton. Prices are near or above $200/ton almost everywhere else, western Nebraska being one other exception.

These prices were gathered by USDA in early October. Figures followed by (D) are delivered prices. All others are at the farm. Cube and pellet prices are for bulk sales.

For weekly updated hay prices, go to “USDA Hay Prices” at hayandforage.com

Horse-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $255-270 (D)
Colorado (northeastern) 225-250
Idaho 200-220
Kansas (southwestern) 200-250
Kansas (northeastern) 165-200
Montana 200-205
Nevada 210
New Mexico (southern) 220-250 (D)
Oklahoma 175-195
Oregon 215-240
Texas 230-270 (D)
Utah (northern) 150-170
Utah (southern) 180-225
Washington (Columbia Basin) 250-270
Premium-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $245-265 (D)
California (central) 245-260 (D)
Colorado (San Luis Valley) 180-185
Colorado (northeastern) 190-200 (D)
Idaho 185-205
Iowa (Maurice) 120-130
Kansas (southwestern) 170-185
Kansas (northeastern) 160-170
Montana 160-175
Nebraska (northeastern) 180-200
Nebraska (western) 135-145
Nevada 190
New Mexico (eastern) 220-245 (D)
New Mexico (southern) 190-210 (D)
Oklahoma 165-185
Oregon (Klamath Basin) 210-220
South Dakota (east river) 165-170
South Dakota (western) 85-120
Texas 200-250 (D)
Utah 150-180
Virginia 225
Washington (Columbia Basin) 235
Wyoming 130-160
Good-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $210-230 (D)
California (central) 235-250 (D)
California (southern) 165-180
Colorado (northeastern) 150-160 (D)
Colorado (San Luis Valley) 170-175
Idaho 185-205
Iowa (Maurice) 90-110
Iowa (central) 140-160
Kansas (southwestern) 150-175
Kansas (northeastern) 130-150
Missouri 100-160
Montana 115-140
Nebraska (western) 110-130
New Mexico (eastern) 190-210 (D)
New Mexico (southern) 160-185 (D)
Oklahoma 130-150
Oregon (Klamath Basin) 200
South Dakota (east river) 110-130
South Dakota (western) 75-90
Texas 200-230 (D)
Utah 130-150
Wyoming 120-140
Fair-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $215-220 (D)
California (central) 195-220 (D)
Colorado (northeastern) 130-140 (D)
Colorado (San Luis Valley) 160-170
Nebraska (western) 95-110
New Mexico (southeastern) 150-170 (D)
Oklahoma 100-125
Oregon (eastern) 165-185
South Dakota (western) 90
Wyoming 120-125
Bromegrass hay Price/ton
Kansas $90-130
Missouri (good quality) 60-120
Oat hay Price/ton
California (northern) $200 (D)
Colorado (northeastern) 115-125
Colorado (San Luis Valley) 125-135
Idaho (fair quality) 120
Oregon (good quality) 160
South Dakota (western) 75
Wyoming 90
Prairie hay Price/ton
Missouri $80-125
Texas 120-140 (D)
Straw: Price/ton
Colorado (northeastern) $70
Kansas 50-60
Montana 60
Nebraska (western) 50-55
South Dakota (east river) 65-70
Wyoming 60
17% Dehy alfalfa pellets: Price/ton
Kansas $240
Nebraska 220-225
Wyoming 179 (D)
15% Suncured alfalfa pellets: Price/ton
Kansas $180-195
South Dakota 178
Alfalfa cubes: Price/ton
Utah (export) $190-200
Utah (retail) 240-250
Wyoming 130-165