Supplies of high-quality alfalfa hay are tight in most states and almost non-existent in some. Prices are at or above year-ago levels almost everywhere.

Further price increases can be expected, although lower milk prices are limiting the buying power of dairies. That's already holding down hay prices in some areas.

These prices were gathered in early December by USDA. Figures followed by (D) are delivered prices. All others are at the farm. Cube and pellet prices are bulk unless otherwise indicated.

For weekly updated hay prices, go to the Hay Prices link section of hayandforage.com

Horse-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $185 (D)
Kansas (southwestern) 180-215
Kansas (northwestern) 160-180
Oregon (central) 150-220
Oregon (Klamath Basin) 115-130
South Dakota (western) 120
Utah 80-120
Wyoming 120-125
Premium-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $170-185 (D)
California (central) 160 (D)
California (southern) 155-165 (D)
Idaho 125-130
Illinois 115-140
Iowa (Rock Valley) 98-113
Iowa (Maurice) 98-110
Iowa (central) 65-145
Kansas (southwestern) 150-155
Kansas (northwestern) 120
Minnesota (southwestern) 93-98
Missouri 100-125
Montana 120-125
Nebraska (northeastern) 130-140
Nebraska (western) 100-110
Nevada 130-135
Oklahoma 150-180
Oregon (Klamath Basin) 130
South Dakota (western) 90-100
South Dakota (east river) 85-115
Texas (panhandle) 180-250 (D)
Utah 85-95
Washington (Columbia Basin) 135-150
Wyoming 100-115
Good-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $150-165 (D)
California (central) 150-160 (D)
Idaho 90-110
Illinois 80-120
Iowa (Rock Valley) 90-95
Iowa (central) 48-100
Minnesota (southwestern) 73-88
Montana 65-100
Nebraska (northeastern) 75-120
Nevada 125-130
Oklahoma 140-160
Oregon (eastern) 110
South Dakota (western) 75-85
South Dakota (east river) 65-90
Texas (panhandle) 160-200 (D)
Texas (eastern) 160-180 (D)
Utah 65-85
Washington (Columbia Basin) 125
Fair-quality alfalfa hay: Price/ton
California (northern) $145-150 (D)
California (central) 130 (D)
California (southern) 130-135 (D)
Idaho 85-90
Illinois 65-90
Iowa (central) 40-60
Minnesota 63-65
Nebraska (northeastern) 90
Nevada 115-120
Oklahoma 80-100
Texas (panhandle) 140-160 (D)
Texas (eastern) 150-160 (D)
Utah 60
Bromegrass hay Price/ton
Missouri $40-100
Kansas (southeastern) 80-100
Kansas (northwestern) 80-110
Texas (panhandle) 220 (D)
Prairie hay Price/ton
Missouri $40-100
Texas (panhandle) 130-190 (D)
Timothy hay: Price/ton
California (southern) $310 (D)
Idaho 140
Montana 140-150
Straw: Price/ton
Illinois $40-90
Idaho 30-60
Kansas (northwestern) 50-65
Nebraska (western) 25-50
Nebraska (northeastern) 45-50
Montana 25-35
South Dakota (east river) 48-55
Washington (Columbia basin) 40
17% Dehy alfalfa pellets: Price/ton
Nebraska $170
Wyoming 148
Kansas 180
15% Suncured alfalfa pellets: Price/ton
Kansas $155-170
South Dakota 145
Alfalfa cubes: Price/ton
Utah (50-lb bags) $120-150
Wyoming 110